Nowadays, starting an organic fertilizer production line under the guidance of right business plan can improve supply of non-harmful fertilizer to farmers, and it has been found that the benefits of using organic fertilizer are far outweigh the cost of organic fertilizer plant setup, not only referring to economic benefits, but also including environmental and social efficiency. Switching organic wastes to organic fertilizer can help farmers to extend soil life, improve water quality, boost crop production and eventually increase their yields. Then it is of the essence for investors and fertilizer manufacturers to learn how to make waste into fertilizer and how to start organic fertilizer business. Here, Whirlston will discuss the points that need attention from the following aspects when starting organic fertilizer plant.
To Business Owners: Why to Start Organic Fertilizer Manufacturing Process?
◆ Organic fertilizer business being profitable
Global trends in the fertilizer industry point to environmentally safe and organic fertilizers that maximize crop yields and minimize lasting negative impacts on the environment, soil and water. According to the data from Persistence Market Research, global demand for organic fertilizer was pegged at 17million tonnes in the year of 2016, valued at US$ 5.57 billion. Europe is the largest market for organic fertilizers, followed by Asia Pacific. North America, the third largest market for organic fertilizers, is expected to account for 21.8% revenue share of the market by 2025-end. Besides, it is reported that the global market of organic fertilizer will grow at 7% CAGR through 2025 and reach US$ 10.23 billion. Therefore, organic fertilizers always have business opportunities.
◆ Government support
In the recent years, governments have provided a series of initiative support for organic farming and organic fertilizer business, including targeted subsidies, market investments, capacity expansion and financial assistance, all of which can promote the wide use of organic fertilizers. For instance, Indian government offers the promotion of organic fertilizer up to Rs.500/- per hectare. And in the EU, government is promoting organic sector via conversion subsidies and large subsidies on agricultural inputs. Besides, Nigeria is committed to taking the necessary steps for promoting the use of organic fertilizer in order to develop Nigerian agriculture ecosystem for creating sustainable jobs and wealth.
◆ Awareness for organic food
People are becoming more aware of the safety and quality of food they eat. The demand for organic food has grown robustly for the past few years. From a US$ 15 billion market in 1999, the global organic food and drink market has grown to become a US$ 80 billion market in 2014. It is fundamental to protect food safety through using organic fertilizer to control the production source and avoid pollutant entering soil. Therefore, the increasing of consciousness for organic food is also conducive to the development of organic fertilizer production industry.
◆ Plentiful raw materials of organic fertilizer
There are large volumes of organic waste are generated daily all over the world. Statistically, there are 2.12 billion tons of waste globally each year, most of which can be recycled into things of value. If interest in converting wastes into fertilizer, click how to use organic fertilizer granulator for recycling organic wastes.
Raw materials for producing organic fertilizer are plentiful and extensive, such as agricultural wastes (like straw, soybean meal, cottonseed meal and mushroom residues), livestock and poultry manure (like cow dung, pig manure, sheep muck, horse dung and chicken manure), industrial waste (like vinasse, vinegar residue, cassava residue and sugarcane ash), household garbage (like food waste or kitchen garbage) and so on. It is the plentiful raw materials that makes organic fertilizer business popular, prosperous and successful in the world.
When designing organic fertilizer plant, investors should consider the business scale according to budget, production capability (ability to maintain the level/scale of organic fertilizer production), supply of raw materials (output should be equal to daily supply of organic materials, to keep continuous production).
Proposed Site of Organic Fertilizer Plant
The choice of site location for organic fertilizer plant should follow the below principles:
- It should be situated in close proximity to the supply of raw materials for organic fertilizer
production, aiming at reducing transport cost and transportation pollution.
- The site should be close to places with adequate water and power supply.
- Factory should be located in area with convenient transportation so as to reduce logistical challenges and transport cost.
- The proportion of plant should satisfy the requirement of production technology process and reasonable layout, and leave appropriate room for further development.
- Keep away from residential area to avoid affecting the lives of residents because there are more or less special odor generated during the process of organic fertilizer production or raw materials transportation.
In a word, the source materials required to establish the industry, especially poultry manure and plant waste, should be readily available from the market place and poultry farms in close proximity to the proposed plant site.
How to Choose Machines for Organic Fertilizer Plant
Organic fertilizer plant mainly contains two types – pretreatment of raw materials(including composting, crushing and mixing) and granulation process(including granulating, drying, cooling, screening and packaging). For the starters who have limited capital invest on organic fertilizer plant, we propose plant with small-scale production as their best choice. Taking 800kg/h organic fertilizer production plant with quite low initial investment for instance, Whirlston proposes the suitable organic fertilizer making machines for investors and fertilizer manufacturers: small groove-type compost turner, semi-wet crusher, horizontal blender, disc pan granulator, fertilizer screening machine and automated packaging machine.
As the first but significant step of organic fertilizer manufacturing, composting quality has a great influence on the quality of fertilizer, so it is very essential for investors to focus on the following factors that can
determine the quality of compost and fermentation:
- C:N ratio: the appropriate C:N ratio is from 25:1 to 30:1. Remember that this ratio can be adjusted by mixing together organic raw materials with suitable contents.
- Moisture: The best water content is always around 50%-60% when composting organic raw materials.
- Sufficient oxygen: compost piles should be turned often to allow all parts of the pile to absorb oxygen, and the ideal oxygen concentration is 18%.
- PH value: the optimum PH level of compost is between 5.5 and 8.
There are mainly three different shapes organic fertilizers (as pic shows) in current market, so investors can choose to produce the popular shape organic fertilizer according to local market demand. In order to make it easy to choose, Whirlston offers three generalized and accepted approaches and machines for the granulation of organic waste, including new-type organic fertilizer granulator, flat die pellet mill and double roller extrusion granulator.