Natural organic fertilizer comes from animal wastes and plants; for example, cow dung, sheep or goat manure, chicken droppings, urine, decomposed weeds and other plant, food waste and so on. In this article, we will introduce a guidance to compost sheep manure for organic fertilizer.
One of the important aspects of sheep farming business is having an effective waste management plan which reaps the benefits and reduces the risks caused by improper disposal of sheep manure wastes. The sheep manure discussed here not just contains the urine and feces from sheep, but also the bedding, runoff, spilled feed, and anything else mixed with it. It is a way of decomposing sheep or goat manure waste to create a fine and rich humus material that is applied as a soil amendment and plant nutrient. Utilizing sheep manure properly – composting sheep manure fertilizer is an advantageous tool in nutrient management way because sheep manure organic fertilizer production can not only reduce the potential to pollute and benefit the crops.
According to investigation, a sheep with about 100 lbs can produce 4 lbs of manure daily, the equivalent of about 0.06 cubic feet per day. Currently the global sheep quantity stands at more than 1 billion head with 19 percents found in Asia and Africa, and EU and EFTA region has over 208 million sheep, according to the assessment by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Sheep manure nutrients come from the feed that the animals have eaten, so it should be no surprise that the excrement is an excellent fertilizer.
Sheep manure contains protein, organic acid, cellulose, aliphatics and so on, and its organic matter content is higher other livestock manure. Without fermentation, sheep manure has various harmful bacteria that cannot be directly used on plants growing, or there would bring germs and parasite spreading. What’s worse, without proper disposal, sheep manure would generate heat to consume oxygen in soil and burn seedlings and root, causing serious damages to crops production. Therefore, composting sheep manure fertilizer is an effective animal manure management tool that reduces volume, kills pathogens and weed seeds, and also improves soil health and fertility.
Sheep Manure Composting Process
Parasites, hormones, and other pathogens contained in sheep manure can be reduced by proper composting. Odors are reduced and fly eggs die due to the high temperatures occurring during microbial decomposition. Making good compost needs the proper balance of carbon and nitrogen, keeping the pile of compost moist and adequate aeration. The ratio of carbon to nitrogen is critical to the composting process. The ideal ratio is about 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen. Using Whirlston compost turner machine to turn the compost pile will keep it aerated and speed up the composting process. Sheep manure wastes typically take several days to two weeks to finish the compost in long open piles.
- Windrow sheep manure pile on the site, and sprinkle the special organic fertilizer fermentation agents on the surface of raw materials. In general, if the water content of sheep manure is higher, people need to add moderate dry materials for mixing, so as to lower moisture. The moisture should be controlled within 60%-65% because too high(bad ventilation, slow temperature rising and foul smell) or too low(slow fermentation) are adverse to fermentation.
- The sheep manure pile should not be too small. For better fermentation, the height should be between 1.5m and 2m, the width should be 2m-3m, the length should be over 3m, depending on the model of compost turner.
- Use the compost turning machine to turn and mix the sheep manure pile. Under the action of this machine, sheep manure with large pieces can also be crushed into small pieces, saving the cost of crushing mill. Turn the pile once a day and fermentation process would be finished within 7-10 days.
Sheep Manure Granulating Process
Sheep manure without granulation is difficult and costly to transport. Additionally, the quality and nutrient content within unprocessed manure may vary greatly, making it difficult to properly treat soil and yield optimal results. Sheep manure composting and granulating for organic fertilizer can not only assist in efforts to follow livestock waste disposal regulations, but also create a potential new source of revenue, making it a win-win proposition. After composting, send the mixed sheep manure raw materials into the granulation system – a professional new-type organic fertilizer granulator, processing for spherical particle organic fertilizer. Then use the conveyor to transport granules into dryer, next entering the cooling system after drying process. The granulated organic fertilizer will be at room temperature when starting screening, and the particles would be packaged after meeting the requirements of screening machine. Those do not meet the requirements would be returned to granulation system, continue to granulate. The granulating process of sheep manure creates commercial organic fertilizer, which is easy to package, transport and sale.
Benefits of Sheep Manure Compost Fertilizer
- Compared with other animal manures, sheep manure fertilizer has low nitrogen content that won’t burn the plants but high Phosphorous and Potassium content that is great for plant growth and soil fertility.
- The organic matter in sheep manure fertilizer is valuable because it makes soil easier to manage, less likely to erode, and more likely to absorb water.
- Composted sheep manure can be applied to agricultural fields as a fertilizer, added to improve soil structure so as to help soil hold water and air, contributing to crop yield and agricultural product quality significantly.
- Composting sheep manure for fertilizer can greatly reduce environment pollution, lower the harm to people health and increase economic profits.